Adaptation in Canada
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In terms of work, Canada differs from the other countries (like the USA) very much.

The most important thing is that Canadian employers tend not ot hire people who does not have the citizenship. Moreover, it is common to hire people without meeting them in person; two or three job interviews are necessary before getting a job.

That is why, even though the invitation from the employers increases your chances to immigrate successfully, making some serious preliminary actions is not obligatory. One thing to be done before you leave is to monitor the specialized websites and to acquire knowledge about the vacancies in demand. It will be useful to understand the situation on the job marker in the region where you are going to live.

The most important thing to be done during the job search is to define your profession and specialty. Upon moving to Canada, many specialists tend to change their professions. You should not worry about it even if there is a need for you to retrain yourself, because the labor market offers a huge amount of retraining centers. Even if your profession is in demand, it is impossible to find a job the next day after arrival, so you'll probably have to work in other field.

After you define your specialty, you can start searching for a job. When immigrants want to find a job they often follow the advice of their friends and family. This way the information about the applicant can reach the employers after some time. It is quite a reliable method, because the recommendations from the friends can help the job applicant, but this in not the easiest one. Internet search for the job openings as well as the search in the newspapers are the two most popular ways to find a job today. For example, use the following web-sites: www.monster.ca and www.kijiji.ca.

The easiest way to find a good job is to address a special recruiting agency. The recruiting agency sends the applicant's CVs to a varios companies and the majotity of immigrants finds their job this way.

Your future Canadian employers will appreciate the recommendations from your previous Canadian employers very much. The top-ranked specialist, with the experience which can not be checked immediately, would get not a high salary, but a low one, and would start thinking about leaving the company. So when you are looking for your first job you should accept job with a salary lower than you expected. However, during your first months you can show everything you've got so the employer would see your potential and give you a rise in the salary. Even if later you need to change the job, the fact that you have experience in Canada and recommendations from employers, will help you to find a new job easily.

After getting a CV, the employer invites the applicant for the job interview, which often divided in several parts. The first part is the meeting when the future employer gets the first impression of the future employee. The second part is a test of the applicant's skills. The final part is the meeting when the position and salary are discussed in details.

The employer and employee come to an agreement on the period of work and schedule. Typically, there are two main types of employment.

The first one, "full-time" type, is a work during all the working day. This type is based on a simple principle familiar to everyone. An employee comes to work at a set time and gets a salary once a month. Part of the total sum of the salary is used by the employer to pay taxes and make contributions to the pension fund and the unemployment fund.

The second, "contract", is a type of work when the employee follows the contract. The employer and employee sign a contract which indicates all the details. In this case, the salary is paid directly to the employee, and the employee decides if he(she) should make contributions to the funds.

The advantage of this option is a bigger salary. The disadvantage is the fact that usually a contract worker is not a desirable customer for the banks and public services, since the contract can be terminated at any moment, and a person has a risk of losing a job. So this person would not easily get a loan from the bank. In addition, the worker becomes vulnerable if he (she) didn’t make contributions and lost the job.

Each option is attractive in its own way. Each option is popular in Canada. We advise you to decide what you prefer before you go so you can answer this question. It will show that you know the life in Canada.